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Calvin Witty and his first "licence plate" to ride

The greater wheel world 150 year ago ..as the Velocipede fever was roaring hot ...Calvin Witty was about to end the party.

První licenčnční poplatek
První licenčnční poplatek
První licenčnční poplatek

album: První licenčnční poplatek

 

February 3rd, Calvin Witty sends out a notice to all involved with velocipedes.

"You are hereby notified that Letter Patent #59,915, granted Nov. 20, 1866, secures a velocipede with two wheels, treadles and guiding arms, and that the velocipede you manufacture is an infringement upon the said patent. The present is to require you to cease the further manufacture of said velocipedes and to settle with me for all past infringement of the rights under said patent. Your respectfully, Calvin Witty”.

This notice spread fear through the just booming velocipede world. Witty was quick to offer terms in which all could continue to manufacture machines and for those who had purchased machines you must now pay a licensing fee of $10.00. Witty was quick with his legal thugs to go to each riding school and demand payment for licensing or threat of shutting down the schools. The schools were the easiest targets for existing machines, as each school would have 6-50 machines, easy money for the taking. The licensing was a stamp on the machine of the Lallement patent date "Patd Nov 20th 1866" and a serial number. (6) The stampings were hand held and hammered onsite. The manufactures that signed a licensing agreement would pay 10.00 to 25.00 per machine depending on production projections. Absorbing the licensing fee "royalty" was not part of the manufactures program, a simple increase in price of $10.00 was made.

The $10.00 fee was marked paid with a stamping on your velocipede of the Lallement patent date and normally a # ... the first form of "licence plate" to ride . 
Source:   Carey Williams  2019

Pierre Lallement patent 1866

Lallement patent 1866
Lallement patent 1866
Lallement patent 1866

album: Lallement patent 1866

 

 

Antonín Perič – The Serial Numbers

 

The Serial Numbers (an extract of his custom book)

 

This is probably the most famous Czech manufacturer of bicycle frames (he constructed the first frame in approx. 1933/34 and the last in the 1970’s); his bicycles were amongst the most highly valued and sought after by collectors, not only from Bohemia and can be seen in unique period photographs.

 

Antonín Perič
Antonín Perič
Antonín Perič

album: Antonín Perič

 

Before 1934 - (made 9 framesets)

 

  • for Smekal Alois - 21.007

  • for Potužák Jiří - 21.008

  • for Krbec Miloslav - 21.009

  • for Novák Oldřich - 21.010

  • for firmu Werner J. (made from customers tubes „Stelring“) 3 framesets - 21.011 to 21.013

  • for Krbec Miloslav – 21.014

  • for Mr. Brynda (from tubes BSA) – 21.015

 

  • the tubes were used are dicrabes as „D.d.“ or „D.s.“

 

Bicycles of Josef Erlach and Valentin Wiegele

Walter Ulreich

10th International Cycling History Conference – The Netherlands 1999

„The tricycles of  Josef Erlach, from Korpitsch, near Villach in Carinthia, Austria, are known to only a few people interested in bicycle history. There are two machines in the collection of the Museum of Technology in Wienna (TMW), one of them in almost complete condition and on display in the newly reopened Museum. This Erlach tricykle was examined and well conserved in 1987 by Zita Breu, who wrote an excellent conservation report. The present writer wrote a short article on Josef Erlach in 1991. At this time one two-wheeled bicycle from Erlach is known.“

Wrote Walter Ulreich in 1999, but now we are very happy that we are able to add pictures next discovered machine from the Czech Republic and to show pictures of Erlach serial number 165 after renovation we finished before end of 2017.

Josef Erlach – serial mumber 165

Josef Erlach 165
Josef Erlach 165
Josef Erlach 165
Josef Erlach 165
Josef Erlach 165
Josef Erlach 165

album: Josef Erlach 165

Walter Ulreich - full report for 10th International Cycling History Conference – The Netherlands 1999

Walter Ulreich  - an article for ICHC
Walter Ulreich  - an article for ICHC
Walter Ulreich  - an article for ICHC
Walter Ulreich  - an article for ICHC
Walter Ulreich  - an article for ICHC
Walter Ulreich  - an article for ICHC

album: Walter Ulreich - an article for ICHC

Eagle Bicycle Mfg. Co. research data

The Eagle bicycle was designed by L.B.Gaylor of Stamford Connecticut in 1886. Manufacture of the Eagle by the Eagle Bicycle Mfg. Company of Stanford Connectuit commenced in 1889. Truly a late date to introduce a high wheel bicycle in the even growing field of low safety bicycles. But the Eagle found an audience amongst long distance and racing wheelmen alike. It is simple lines of construction were and are seductive to the cycling world. The New Haven Cycling club in 1891 numbered 23 with 21 Eagles in the roster.

Eagle History 1
Eagle History 1
Eagle History 1

album: Eagle History 1

By 1891 the Eagle was offered in a light roadster model with hollow framing and tangential spoking shaving 6 pounds off the bike. Both racing and boys Eagles were also offered. Sizes offered 46“ through 56“. 1891 catalog advised against cushion tires calling them experimental. By mid year the ads were promoting the cushion tire version. By December of 1891 the address for the company had changed to Torrington Connecticut and the Eagle Light Roadster is offered as „The Old Reliable“ with notice of an Eagle safety soon be avaiable. The flight of the Eagle after three years was over.

The EAGLE Bicycle Mfg.Co., Stamford, Conn., USA - 1889

(collection: BiCZycle collection - Prague, 54" serial number 445 ..first year of production ... )

Eagle 1889
Eagle 1889
Eagle 1889

album: Eagle 1889

Jan Veselý’s Perič bicycle - Introduction and Meeting

It is a well-known fact that an antique car with a well-mapped history and list of previous owners is far more valuable than an identical bicycle of unknown origin. This is also true for historical bicycles. In the middle of January 2014, we celebrated the rebirth of such a bicycle at the U Lasíků restaurant in Únětice. This is a road racing bicycle built by Antonín Perič for Jan Veselý, one of the key bicycles in domestic cycling and a bright moment in the life of the local community.

Robert Štěrba, who not only presented the Perič (production number 21 646), but also initiated the first and we are convinced that, in the future, to be repeated informal meeting of researchers in the area of historical bicycles, invited a number of interesting people and personages who were capable of appreciating such a gathering. František Babický, the legendary mechanic of the national team of the Peace Race, Dr. Jaroslav Cihlář, multiple national champion in all track disciplines, academic world champion, racing competitor, trainer of the national team of track racers, pedagogue and closest friend of Jan Veselý. The men from Repete Cycles, racing competitors, fans, journalists, collectors in all age categories ...

Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1

album: Jan Veselý - part 1

    

Laurin & Klement - Bicycles and Motorcycles "SLAVIA"

Václav Laurin - born 1865 September 27th, Václav Klement – 1868 October 16th

The company was set up the end of 1895

1895 - The small machinist workshop with two employees was opened one week before Christmas holiday on street Benátská, Mladá Boleslav

1896 - The first season, bicycle production started with five bicycles models (models 0 to 5)

1897 - The second season, the company offered still five models with small improvment

1898 - The third season, the new factory buildings was built with 1100 sq meters, new models under pattern number from 7 to 14, first tandem

1899 - The fourth season, models from 17 to 32, Acaténe models (drive shaft system) and first bicycle with engine

1900 - The fift season, bicycles, transport machines and motorcycles

1906 - The first model of car was offered by company catalogue!

Laurin & Klement
Laurin & Klement
Laurin & Klement

album: Laurin & Klement

Simpson "Lever" Chain

Simpson "Lever" Chain, a much boomed novelty which enjoyed a brief but hectic career, 1895 - 1897. The first patent William Speir Simpson took 27th December 1894.

Simpson Lever Chain 1
Simpson Lever Chain 1
Simpson Lever Chain 1

album: Simpson Lever Chain 1

In September 1895 a company was formed to make and sell the new chain, on 27 September Simpsons Lever chain (Foreign and Canadien) Co. Ltd., was registred with a capital of a million pounds to acquire, develop and work overseas patents.

Simpson Lever Chain and Cycle Co. Ltd. was a maker of the simpson lever chain, this company premises at 110 Regent Street, London and works at Draycott, Derbyshire. This maker offered his own bicycles under name "Simpson" lever chaines have been used by many riders on other bicycles.

Anton Burg’s "three-wheel hobby horse"

Dr. Jan Králík: Anton Burg’s three-wheel hobby horse "Overpainted beauty"

The full text of my audience for: XXIII. Intenational Cycling History Conference

Roeselare, Belgium 24-26 May 2012

Burg’s hobby horse I.
Burg’s hobby horse I.
Burg’s hobby horse I.

album: Burg’s hobby horse I.

 

Michaux - New Questions and Answers

Robert Štěrba: “The Early Days of Bicycle Production - History of Michaux and Compagnie Parisienne - New Questions and Answers”

The full text of my audience for: XXIII. Intenational Cycling History Conference

Roeselare, Belgium 24-26 May 2012

Michaux - New Questions 1
Michaux - New Questions 1
Michaux - New Questions 1

album: Michaux - New Questions 1

KANGAROO – DWARF SAFETY, Hillman, Herbert & Cooper, England

First machines in Kangaroo "style"

The Kangaroo bicycle with chain gears and chain drive was introduced by Hillman, Herbert & Cooper of Coventry (Premier Works ) displayed at the Stanley Show in the Floral Hall, Covent Garden, London in February 1884. This type soon became known as a Dwarf Safety, characterizing the style and advantages of the machine. The front wheel was only 36” (92.4 cm) dia. but the drive, consisting of two chains and four chain wheels, one set on each side of the front wheel, geared it up to the equivalent of a 56” high-wheel bicycle (142 cm). The small back wheel was 22” (55 cm), the overall weight of 40 pounds (21.5 kg), and was priced initially £17. William Hillman had patented the chain drive on March 6, 1884, No. 4487.  Many similar systems had been proposed in the previous decade and a half.

Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2

album: Kangaroo 1

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