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Eagle Bicycle Mfg. Co. research data

The Eagle bicycle was designed by L.B.Gaylor of Stamford Connecticut in 1886. Manufacture of the Eagle by the Eagle Bicycle Mfg. Company of Stanford Connectuit commenced in 1889. Truly a late date to introduce a high wheel bicycle in the even growing field of low safety bicycles. But the Eagle found an audience amongst long distance and racing wheelmen alike. It is simple lines of construction were and are seductive to the cycling world. The New Haven Cycling club in 1891 numbered 23 with 21 Eagles in the roster.

Eagle History 1
Eagle History 1
Eagle History 1

album: Eagle History 1

By 1891 the Eagle was offered in a light roadster model with hollow framing and tangential spoking shaving 6 pounds off the bike. Both racing and boys Eagles were also offered. Sizes offered 46“ through 56“. 1891 catalog advised against cushion tires calling them experimental. By mid year the ads were promoting the cushion tire version. By December of 1891 the address for the company had changed to Torrington Connecticut and the Eagle Light Roadster is offered as „The Old Reliable“ with notice of an Eagle safety soon be avaiable. The flight of the Eagle after three years was over.

The EAGLE Bicycle Mfg.Co., Stamford, Conn., USA - 1889

(collection: BiCZycle collection - Prague, 54" serial number 445 ..first year of production ... )

Eagle 1889
Eagle 1889
Eagle 1889

album: Eagle 1889

Jan Veselý’s Perič bicycle - Introduction and Meeting

It is a well-known fact that an antique car with a well-mapped history and list of previous owners is far more valuable than an identical bicycle of unknown origin. This is also true for historical bicycles. In the middle of January 2014, we celebrated the rebirth of such a bicycle at the U Lasíků restaurant in Únětice. This is a road racing bicycle built by Antonín Perič for Jan Veselý, one of the key bicycles in domestic cycling and a bright moment in the life of the local community.

Robert Štěrba, who not only presented the Perič (production number 21 646), but also initiated the first and we are convinced that, in the future, to be repeated informal meeting of researchers in the area of historical bicycles, invited a number of interesting people and personages who were capable of appreciating such a gathering. František Babický, the legendary mechanic of the national team of the Peace Race, Dr. Jaroslav Cihlář, multiple national champion in all track disciplines, academic world champion, racing competitor, trainer of the national team of track racers, pedagogue and closest friend of Jan Veselý. The men from Repete Cycles, racing competitors, fans, journalists, collectors in all age categories ...

Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1
Jan Veselý - part 1

album: Jan Veselý - part 1

    

Laurin & Klement - Bicycles and Motorcycles "SLAVIA"

Václav Laurin - born 1865 September 27th, Václav Klement – 1868 October 16th

The company was set up the end of 1895

1895 - The small machinist workshop with two employees was opened one week before Christmas holiday on street Benátská, Mladá Boleslav

1896 - The first season, bicycle production started with five bicycles models (models 0 to 5)

1897 - The second season, the company offered still five models with small improvment

1898 - The third season, the new factory buildings was built with 1100 sq meters, new models under pattern number from 7 to 14, first tandem

1899 - The fourth season, models from 17 to 32, Acaténe models (drive shaft system) and first bicycle with engine

1900 - The fift season, bicycles, transport machines and motorcycles

1906 - The first model of car was offered by company catalogue!

Laurin & Klement
Laurin & Klement
Laurin & Klement

album: Laurin & Klement

Simpson "Lever" Chain

Simpson "Lever" Chain, a much boomed novelty which enjoyed a brief but hectic career, 1895 - 1897. The first patent William Speir Simpson took 27th December 1894.

Simpson Lever Chain 1
Simpson Lever Chain 1
Simpson Lever Chain 1

album: Simpson Lever Chain 1

In September 1895 a company was formed to make and sell the new chain, on 27 September Simpsons Lever chain (Foreign and Canadien) Co. Ltd., was registred with a capital of a million pounds to acquire, develop and work overseas patents.

Simpson Lever Chain and Cycle Co. Ltd. was a maker of the simpson lever chain, this company premises at 110 Regent Street, London and works at Draycott, Derbyshire. This maker offered his own bicycles under name "Simpson" lever chaines have been used by many riders on other bicycles.

Anton Burg’s "three-wheel hobby horse"

Dr. Jan Králík: Anton Burg’s three-wheel hobby horse "Overpainted beauty"

The full text of my audience for: XXIII. Intenational Cycling History Conference

Roeselare, Belgium 24-26 May 2012

Burg’s hobby horse I.
Burg’s hobby horse I.
Burg’s hobby horse I.

album: Burg’s hobby horse I.

 

Michaux - New Questions and Answers

Robert Štěrba: “The Early Days of Bicycle Production - History of Michaux and Compagnie Parisienne - New Questions and Answers”

The full text of my audience for: XXIII. Intenational Cycling History Conference

Roeselare, Belgium 24-26 May 2012

Michaux - New Questions 1
Michaux - New Questions 1
Michaux - New Questions 1

album: Michaux - New Questions 1

KANGAROO – DWARF SAFETY, Hillman, Herbert & Cooper, England

First machines in Kangaroo "style"

The Kangaroo bicycle with chain gears and chain drive was introduced by Hillman, Herbert & Cooper of Coventry (Premier Works ) displayed at the Stanley Show in the Floral Hall, Covent Garden, London in February 1884. This type soon became known as a Dwarf Safety, characterizing the style and advantages of the machine. The front wheel was only 36” (92.4 cm) dia. but the drive, consisting of two chains and four chain wheels, one set on each side of the front wheel, geared it up to the equivalent of a 56” high-wheel bicycle (142 cm). The small back wheel was 22” (55 cm), the overall weight of 40 pounds (21.5 kg), and was priced initially £17. William Hillman had patented the chain drive on March 6, 1884, No. 4487.  Many similar systems had been proposed in the previous decade and a half.

Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2
Kangaroo 2

album: Kangaroo 1

Jan Kohout and Registration of the brand

Around about 1996, a small group of enthusiasts in the Czech Velocipedist Club 1880 (the re-established Czech Velocipedist Club 1880 after enforced interruption of its activities) decided to search for the history of the manufacture of Kohout bicycles.

They obtained their information from period Czech, Austrian and German material. For two years, they intensively visited all the museums and private collections in Bohemia and, with the help of a great many friends at home and abroad, finally managed to discover 47 Kohout bicycles. Through comparing them, they arrived at basic information, which was presented at the 10th annual International Cycling History Conference in Nijmegen in Holland in August of 1999.

We continue to carefully maintain a register of bicycles of this brand name and, after another decade, are able to say that we are acquainted with 57 machines. These documented 57 bicycles correspond to approximately 5% of probable total production. About 900 Kohout bicycles were manufactured between 1880 to possibly 1891. The highest known production number is 872.

Jan Kohout and Registration of the brand
Jan Kohout and Registration of the brand
Jan Kohout and Registration of the brand

album: Jan Kohout and Registration of the brand

Jan Kohout and his family

Jan Kohout (May 10, 1819 – December 30, 1884) played a key role in the history of producing high-wheel bicycles. He was borne into the family of a landless farmer. The town was Křečkov in Central Bohemia between Nymburk and Poděbrady.   He learned carpentry and then set out to see the world as was the fashion at the time. He passed through Liberec and Prague and finally ended up in Löbersdorf in lower Austria where he lived for six years. Here he exhibited unusual talent and diligence.  He learned how to make mill equipment and simultaneously became a machinist.  After gaining experience he became independent. The first work he accepted as a master worker consisted in the reconstruction of a steam-driven mill in Čejče, Moravia.  This was  followed by the construction of a steam-driven mill in Lovosice and then in Smíchov which was still a separate municipality next to Prague. He settled down here in Smíchov in 1849 and built his workshop in building No. 352.

Over the years , a large factory for mill and farm machinery was constructed on the property in Smíchov. Kohout built a two-floor town residence in one corner of his premises facing Svornosti street.  This building is still standing at the present time. It was apparently reconstructed and modernized in 1899.

Important people of cultural and social life met in the home of Jan Kohout – František Palacký, František Ladislav Rieger, Vítezslav Hálek and a number of others. Kohout’s oldest daughter Marie was the closest friend of Zdeňka Havlíčková the daughter of Karel Havlíček Borovský.

Jan Kohout and his family
Jan Kohout and his family
Jan Kohout and his family

album: Jan Kohout and his family

ČKV 1880 - Czech Velocipedists’ Club 1880

November 16, 1880 was a date of fundamental importance; on that day, the factory of Jan Kohout was the scene of a gathering of a number of young men who became enthralled riding high-wheel bicycles and decided to establish the Velocipedists’ Club. Its founding is dated to that day, although it received official approval on January 2, 1881.  The founding meeting with 23 members present was held in February of 1881. Jindřich Cífka was elected as its first chairman. It was the first club in Bohemia and the second in Austro-Hungary. The other club was Villacher Velocipedisten-Club (1878-1880). Villacher cyclists rode for a short time twenty tricycles manufactured by the local constructor Josef Erlach.

         The Czech club began to hold joint outings. The first one was on April 24.  It was a whole-day trip to Loděnice which was the residence of the chairman of the club. This was followed by many more of which the most important was to Chrudim and its surroundings on July 23 to 26, 1881.   18 cyclists participated. A great many riders set out independently during the year. The longest trip was by made Jan Kohout to Upper Austria and Bavaria. The members of the Velocipedists’ Club rode a total of 45,000 km that year.

ČKV 1880 - Czech Velocipedists’ Club 1880
ČKV 1880 - Czech Velocipedists’ Club 1880
ČKV 1880 - Czech Velocipedists’ Club 1880

album: ČKV 1880 - Czech Velocipedists’ Club 1880

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